Isolated Niue is a raised atoll or makatae, similar to the islands of Atiu and Mangaia in the Cook island and is about 100 sq. miles in size. The island is quite flat making it an excellent place to explore by bicycle and tropical forests dominate in the east of the island where bird life is rich.
The capital of Niue is Alofi, located on a peninsula on the west of the island with about 2000 inhabitants, being half the population. The coastline around the island is extremely rocky, with limestone caves making for good snorkelling offshore. Scuba diving off the reef is exceptional, the highlight being the impressive gorgonian fans. Tourism in Niue is very low key and the traditional Polynesian lifestyle of farming and fishing is strong. Getting to Niue is expensive due to its isolation from commercial travel routes.
The easiest way to get to Niue (Hanan International Airport) is via a weekly flight with Royal Tongan Airlines from Auckland (New Zealand) via Tongatapu (Tonga). Taxis are available at the airport, about 3km south of Alofi Town and cost about NZ$10 although most hotels will meet and greet. Public transport is non-existent around the 60-km paved coastal highway but car hire (NZ%50 per day), mopeds (NZ$20 per day) and bicycles (NZ$8 per day) are readily available. Infrequent cargo boats also visit the island from Tonga.